House Bill No. 12878 entitled: “AN ACT CONVERTING THE MUNICIPALITY OF TAYABAS, QUEZON, INTO A COMPONENT CITY TO BE KNOWN AS THE CITY OF TAYABAS,” has been duly filed during the
Eleventh Congress through the sponsorship of Congressman Rafael P. Nantes of the First District of Quezon. It was referred to the Committee on Local Government by the House of Representatives on February 5, 2001. While said house bill was pending consideration before both Houses of Congress, Senate Bill No. 2157 which calls for the amendment of Section 450 of R.A. 7160 by way of increasing the required average annual income from at least twentyMillion (P20M) to One Hundred Million (P100M) was passed and had apsed into law on February 24, 2001 as Republic Act No. 9009. Prior to June 30, 2001 which is the effectivity date of R.A. No. 9009, the municipality of Tayabas, Quezon had already complied all of the requisites for conversion along with other municipalities, namely: Municipalities of San Francisco, Agusan del Sur; Borongan, Eastern Samar; El Salvador, Misamis Oriental; Baybay, Leyte; Santa Barbara, Iloilo; San Jose, Occidental Mindoro; Mati, Davao Oriental and Manolo Fortich, Bukidnon.Inasmuch that Republic Act 9009 has been in effect from June 30, 2001, Congress found a compelling reason to favorably consider the reasonableness and merit of House Joint Resolution No. 006 authored by Honorable Carmen L. Cari; this is in order to afford justice and equity to the municipalities adversely affected by the recent amendment of Section 450 of the New Local
Government Code of 1991. In support, the local Sanggunian adopted Resolution No. 04-38 ENDORSING HOUSE JOINT RESOLUTION NO. 066, SERIES OF 2002 (JOINT RESOLUTION EXEMPTING AREAS EMBODIED IN BILLS FILED IN CONGRESS BEFORE JUNE 30, 2001 FROM THE COVERAGE OF REPUBLIC ACT NO. 9009) on June 28, 2004.
On March 18, 2007 by virtue of Republic Act 9398 the Municipality of Tayabas was converted into a component city of the Province of Quezon. The municipality held a plebiscite on July 14, 2007 to ratify RA 9398. The question posed to the public was: Do You Approve of the Conversion of the Municipality of Tayabas, Quezon into a Component City, Pursuant To Republic Act No. 9398 Dated March 18, 2007? Though people’s participation in the exercise was lowi, a large majority of voters favoredii the conversion of Tayabas into a component city. The enacted laws on the cityhood of Tayabas and other 15 cities, however, were declared unconstitutional and illegal by Supreme Court on November 18, 2008. The High Court had said ruling on the basis of Section 10, Article X of the constitution which mandates that No province, city, municipality, or barangay may be created, divided, merged, abolished, or its boundary substantially altered, except in accordance with the criteria established in the local government code and subject to approval by a majority of the votes cast in a plebiscite in the political units directly affected. The contentious phrase being in accordance with the criteria established in the local government code led to the unsteady position of the Supreme Court on the classification of the sixteen aff local government units. The High Court contended that the newly created component cities failed to comply with the income requirement provided for under Republic Act 9009 authored by then Senator Aquilino Pimentel, Jr. On December 21, 2009, after several years of pendency at the High Court, the constitutionality and validity of RA 9398 which converted the municipality of Tayabas into a component city of the province of Quezon was finally upheld by the Supreme Court.Source: Ecological Profile of Tayabas 2013